Ulpia Traiana Sarmizegetusa

The Colony Ulpia Traiana Augusta Dacica Sarmizegetusa was the capital of Roman Dacia, located 40 km from Sarmizegetusa Regia, Dacia’s capital. The ruins of the antique city make today the object of an archeological complex in the village of Sarmizegetusa. If the old capital of pre-Roman Dacia was located in the Orăștiei Mountains, at an altitude of 1.200 m, Roman Sarmizegetusa was located on an almost flat area, in the Hațeg depression, at an elevation of 531 m. The city was about 8 km from the passage between Banat and Transilvania which, in antique times, was called Tapae, today "Porțile de Fier ale Transilvaniei" [Transilvania’s Iron Gates]. The choice of the location to build the city on was based on the strategic and economic advantages, the Retezat Mountains to the South and the Poiana Rusca Mountains to the North making natural barriers, hard to pass for the potential attackers. The territory of the metropolis could develop peacefully, being defended by the military camps of Tibiscum, Voislova, Micia and Bumbești. The imperial road coming from the Danube and connecting it to the extreme North of the province at Porolissum (Moigrad) was passing through Ulpia Traiana.