The Roman military camp of Cigmău

The Roman militarycamp  Germisara, also known as the Roman military camp of Cigmău, was an auxiliary troop camp located on the right bank of the Mureș river, south of the village of Cigmău, not far from the town of Geoagiu. It is also called Cetatea Uriașului [The Fortress of the Giant]. The camp was the base of military unit Numerus Singulariorum Britannicianorum, as well as of subunits belonging the 13th Legion Gemina. The camp was discovered in September 2007 and it is considered by experts to be very important as is was defending the old imperial road connecting Ulpia Traiana Sarmizegetusa, to Micia (Vețel) and Apulum (Alba Iulia), but also to the gold exploitations from the Apuseni Mountains (Zlatna and Roșia Montană). Being built on a mountain ridge, the camp of Cigmău follows the irregular shape of the terrain, being thereby different from most Roman camps that were rectangular. The camp was connected to the civil settlement, to the thermae of Geoagiu Băi and to the andesite quarry by a main road. Considering the coins that were discovered, it is believed that the camp functioned uninterruptedly between years 100-250 A.D.