The Dacian fortress Sarmizegetusa Regia

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English
It is located within the area of Grădiștea Muncelului, situated at an altitude of 1,200 m and it is also included in the UNESCO world cultural heritage. It used to be the capital of the Dacian state, and it is the largest Dacian fortification, the strategic center of the Dacian defensive system from the Orăștiei Mountains, which included the fortresses Costești-Cetățuie, Blidaru, Bănița, Căpâlna and Piatra Roșie. The settlement was built on several terraces improved by the Dacians, it extended over about 4.5 km and it consisted of three main elements: the fortification, the sacred area and the West and East civil districts. The Dacian fortification had an area of almost one ha., and it was located in the center of the settlement, being extended during the Roman period. Its shape is that of an irregular trapezoid with a surface of 3 hectares, and the walls are 1-1,5 m high and, generally, 3 m thick. The sacred area was situated East of the fortress gate, being connected with it by a road paved with limestone slates.  Seven temples were discovered (of which two circular and five square ones) and a shrine, all of which were grouped on two large terraces, supported by walls that are at least 10 m high in places. Traces of houses and their annexes, as well as craft workshops and barns were identified in the civil dwelling.